There is no "one size fits all" solution for city leaders with ambitions to transform their communities into smart cities. While it's wise for cities to replicate and adapt smart city strategies and best practices that proved successful in other cities, each city has different strengths, weaknesses and needs. And those differences are magnified in a global context.
The regions of the world are filled with countries run by different types of governance, policies and regulations. Some have initiated nationwide smart city plans, mandates and incentives and provide guidance and financial support. Some have not, for a variety of reasons. And cities in some countries are implementing smart city projects while others are barely in the planning stages.
Many metropolitan areas in the world face the same transportation network problems, among them traffic congestion, air pollution and public transit that has been unable to keep up with demand from growing populations. Some transportation networks need extensive maintenance, repair and replacement for aging roads, bridges and other infrastructure — investments many cities have been unable to afford.