Smart Cities A to Z

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Term Definition
Multi-modal Multi-modal transportation systems include a wide range of transporation options including walking, bicycling, bus, light rail, train, ferry, and shared mobility services.
Near-field communication Near-field communication (NFC) is a set of communication protocols that enable two electronic devices, one of which is usually a portable device such as a smartphone, to establish communication by bringing them within 4 centimeters of each other.
Open data Open data is data that is freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without copyright, patent, or other restrictions.
Open standards Open standards are publicly available standards developed through a broad consultation process that govern the application of a particular domain or activity.
Optimization Optimization is the process of achieving the best possible outcome relative to a defined set of success metrics.
Platform A computing platform is the environment within which a piece of software is executed.
Platform as a service Platform as a service (PaaS) is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications.
Predictive analytics Predictive analytics includes a range of statistical techniques from predictive modeling, machine learning, and data mining that analyze existing data to make predictions about future events.
Privacy Privacy in a smart cities context is the ability of an individual or group to control the types, amounts, and recipients of data about themselves.
Real-time Real-time computing describes hardware and software systems that are able to respond very rapidly to continuously occurring external events.

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